Integration and first operation of the Gotthard-II detector at the European XFEL

Mar 15, 2023, 9:30 AM
Bldg 53 / Room 1320 - Panofsky Auditorium (SLAC)

Bldg 53 / Room 1320 - Panofsky Auditorium


2575 Sand Hill Rd Menlo Park, CA USA
Invited Applications Application


Marco Ramilli (European XFEL)


Gotthard-II (G-II) is a silicon microstrip hybrid detector developed by Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) within the framework of a collaboration agreement with the European XFEL (EuXFEL).

The G-II ASIC features a dynamic gain switching (DGS) architecture to cope with the requirements of the single photon sensitivity as well as the large dynamic range at the EuXFEL. In addition, it includes a 12-bit Analog-to-Digital Converter with a sampling/conversion rate of more than 18 MS/s, and a Static Random-Access Memory1 with a depth of 2700 images for temporal on-chip storage in order to match the unique accelerator pulse structure: up to 2700 pulses at 4.5 MHz within one EuXFEL pulse train are generated in a burst2.
Two different sensor designs, with a strip pitch of either 50 µm or 25 µm for a total of 1280 or 2560 output channels, are used in the final detector system. These sensors are able to provide a spectral sensitivity allowing either X-ray detection (optimized in the 5 keV – 20 keV range) or visible light detection.

Its exceptionally good compliance with the EuXFEL beam conditions will make G-II the most widely employed detector across the facility with a total of 29 modules of different flavors installed in several scientific instruments and beam diagnostic setups.

Its usage predominantly in spectroscopic measurement will have a variety of applications, including diffraction/emission/absorption measurements, pulse arrival monitoring (of fundamental importance for pump-and-probe experiments), and beam quality monitoring with the possibility for the detector to generate a veto pattern for the large area pixel detectors such as AGIPD, LPD and DSSC.

In this paper, an overview of this detector technology and its usage at the EuXFEL will be presented; then, detector integration in the EuXFEL control, data acquisition and data correction infrastructure will be described, highlighting its challenges. Finally, an overview of the first results obtained with the EuXFEL beam will be given.

Primary author

Marco Ramilli (European XFEL)


Mr Karim Ahmed (European XFEL) Mr David Hammer (European XFEL) Carlos Lopez-Cuenca (Paul Scherrer Institut) Bruno Fernandes (European XFEL) Davide Mezza (Paul Scherrer Institut) Aldo Mozzanica (Paul Scherrer Institut) Andrea Parenti (European XFEL) Philipp Schmidt (European XFEL) Bernd Schmitt (Paul Scherrer Institut) Monica Turcato (European XFEL) Jiaguo Zhang (Paul Scherrer Institut)

Presentation materials